Monday, May 18, 2015

Weekly Reminders - 5/18/15

5/21 - Students in 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th grade who participated in the Water Resources Art and Poetry Contest will be attending the awards ceremony on Thursday.  Permission slips were sent home on 5/18.   Please note that your child will return to the school approximately 4:00PM if there are no delays.

2015 Water Resources Art and Poetry Contest Celebration
Thursday, May 21, 2015
BMCC Tribeca Performing Arts Center
199 Chambers Street (between Greenwich and West Streets), New York City, NY
Entrance is up the ramp through the main doors.

1:30 pm – 3:00 pm
Doors open at 12:30 pm
All students will be honored for their outstanding work.

5/22 - 12:00 Dismissal - After School is in session.

8th Science - 5/18/15


5/19 - Copy vocabulary words in NB

1. fossil -  "obtained by digging") are the preserved remains or traces of animals, plants, and other organisms from the remote past

2.  petrified remains - formed by the replacement of original materials (like bones) by minerals.

3.  carbonaceous film - carbon residue remaining from the organism or part of an organism that has been fossilized.

4.  mold - formed by the impression left in rock by the remains of an organism
5. cast - occurs when the mold is filled in by precipitating minerals.

6. index fossil - The fossil remains of an organism that lived in a particular geologic age, used to identify or date the rock or rock layer in which it is found.

7.  principle of superposition - tells us that the layer on the bottom is the oldest, and the layers get younger as they pile up.

8.  relative dating - is a method of sequencing events in the order in which they happened.

9.  unconformity - A substantial break in the succession of stratified sedimentary rocks, following a period when deposition was not taking place.

10.  absolute dating - Absolute dating is a method of estimating the age of a rock sample in years via radiometric techniques.

7th Science - 5/18/15


5/19 - Copy vocabulary words in NB

1. static charge - is caused by a buildup of electrons on an object.

2.  insulator - a material or method that restricts the transfer of either heat or electricity.

3. conductor - a material or object that permits an electric current to flow easily

4. electric discharge - the release and transmission of electricity in an applied electric field through a medium such as a gas. Several types of electric discharges occur naturally on Earth

5. electric current -  the flow of charged particles

6.  circuit - is a path between two or more points along which an electrical current can be carried.

7.  voltage – A  measure of the difference in electric potential between two points in space, a material, or an electric circuit, expressed in volts.

8.  resistance - The opposition that a substance offers to the flow of electric current.

9.  parallel circuit - one that has two or more paths for the electricity to flow, the loads are parallel to each other.

10.  electrical power - the rate at which electric energy is transferred by an electric circuit.

6th Science - 5/18/15


5/19 - Copy vocabulary words in NB

1. selective breeding - (also called artificial selection) is the process by which humans breed other animals and plants for particular traits.

2.  genetic engineering - any process by which genetic material (the building blocks of heredity) is changed in such a way as to make possible the production of new substances or new functions.

3.  gene-splicing - involves cutting out part of the DNA in a gene and adding new DNA in its place.

4.  sex-linked genes - A gene located on a sex chromosome, usually the X-chromosome.

5.  chromosomes - the basic building blocks of life where the entire genome of an organism is essentially organized and stored in the form of DNA.

6.  Down Syndrome - also known as trisomy 21, is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of all or part of a third copy of chromosome 21

7.  Hemophilia - is a rare bleeding disorder in which the blood doesn't clot normally.

6th Social Studies - 5/18/15


5/20 - Copy vocabulary words in NB

1.  geocentric - having or representing the earth as a center.

2.  heliocentric -is a theory that places the Sun as the center of the universe, and the planets orbiting around it.  

3.  telescope - is an instrument that aids in the observation of remote objects by collecting electromagnetic radiation (such as visible light).  

4.  gravity - is the force that causes two particles to pull towards each other. Learn about gravity and find out how Newton and Einstein explain gravity.

5.  scientific method -is a logical and rational order of steps by which scientists come to conclusions about the world around them.

6.  Galileo Galilei - The forefather of what we know today about motion, mass and astronomy, Galileo also dealt with accusations of heresy.

7.  Isaac Newton -invented calculus and explained optics. His most significant work involved forces and the development of a universal law of gravity.

8.  caravel - is a small, highly maneuverable sailing ship developed in the 15th century by the Portuguese to explore along the West African coast and into the Atlantic.

9.  strait -a narrow passage of water connecting two large bodies of water.

10.  Strait of Magellan - is an oceanic passage generally connecting the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean, situated in southern Chile and Argentina.

5th Science - 5/18/15


5/19 - Copy  vocabulary words in NB

1.   evaporation - the process in which a liquid is converted to the gaseous state.

2.  condensation - the physical change of state of a gas to a liquid.

3.  water cycle - also known as the hydrologic cycle or the H 2 O cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth.

4.  carbon cycle - the process in which carbon atoms are recycled over and over again on Earth.

5. nitrogen cycle - the series of natural processes by which certain nitrogen-containing substances from air and soil are made useful to living things, are used by them

6. water vapor - Water in its gaseous state, especially in the atmosphere and at a temperature below the boiling point.

7. precipitation - is water released from clouds in the form of rain, freezing rain, sleet, snow, or hail.

8. photosynthesis - is the process plants use to change carbon dioxide and water into sugar using sunlight.

9. fertilizers - is any material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is applied to soils or to plant tissues (usually leaves) to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants.

10. nitrogen - is an odorless, tasteless, colorless nonmetallic chemical element which appears in great abundance in the Earth's atmosphere. 78% of the atmosphere

11. oxygen - O, nonmetallic chemical element of Group 16 of the periodic table. Oxygen is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas essential to living organisms, being taken up by animals, which convert it to carbon dioxide.

5th Social Studies - 5/18/15


5/20 - Copy vocabulary words in NB

1. Civil War - also called War Between the States,  four-year war (1861–65) between the United States and 11 Southern states that seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America.

2.  Anaconda Plan - was General Winfield Scott's strategic plan to blockade and cut off the Confederacy from the outside world forcing them to surrender.

3.  blockade - block, obstruct.( the Union blockade of Southern ports during the Civil War)

4.  Emancipation Proclamation – President Abraham Lincoln - issued on January 1, 1863, this Presidential Proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."

5.  Gettysburg Address - A speech delivered by Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War. Lincoln was speaking at the dedication of a soldiers' cemetery at the site of the Battle of Gettysburg.

6.  total war - is a military conflict in which nations mobilize all available resources in order to destroy another nation's ability

7.  Robert E. Lee - (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870) was an American soldier best known for commanding the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War from 1862 until his surrender in 1865. 

8.  Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson - was a leading Confederate general during the U.S. Civil War, commanding forces at Manassas, Antietam, Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville.

9.  Fort Sumter - The Battle of Fort Sumter (April 12–14, 1861) was the bombardment and surrender of Fort Sumter, near Charleston, South Carolina, that started the American Civil War.

10.  Antietam - also called Battle of Sharpsburg, (September 17, 1862), a decisive engagement in the American Civil War (1861–65) that halted the Confederate advance on Maryland for the purpose of gaining military supplies.

Sunday, May 10, 2015

8th Science - 5/11/15


5/13 - Copy vocabulary words in NB - Test on Thursday.

1.  constellations - a group of stars named after animals, characters in mythology, or familiar objects.

2.  galaxy - a system of millions or billions of stars, together with gas and dust, held together by gravitational attraction.

3.  Nebula - a cloud of gas and dust in outer space, visible in the night sky either as an indistinct bright patch or as a dark silhouette against other luminous matter.

4. Photosphere - The directly visible outer layer or atmosphere of a star, especially of the sun. pho′to·spher′ic

5. Light Year - a unit of astronomical distance equivalent to the distance that light travels in one year, which is 9.4607 × 1012 km (nearly 6 trillion miles).

6. Supernova - a star that suddenly increases greatly in brightness because of a catastrophic explosion that ejects most of its mass.

7.  Supergiant - Any of various very massive, large, and bright stars, such as Betelgeuse or Rigel, having a luminosity that is thousands of times greater than that of the sun.

8. Black hole - a region of space having a gravitational field so intense that no matter or radiation can escape.

9.  chromosphere  - is an outer layer of the sun. This layer can only be viewed during an eclipse when the rest of the sun is blocked.

10. Sunspots - a spot or patch appearing from time to time on the sun's surface, appearing dark by contrast with its surroundings.

11.   binary system is a system of two objects in space (usually stars, but also brown dwarfs, planets, galaxies, or asteroids) which are so close that their gravitational interaction causes them to orbit about a common center of mass.

12. Corona - A faintly colored luminous ring appearing to surround a celestial body (such as the Moon or Sun) that is visible through a haze or thin cloud, caused by diffraction of light from suspended matter in the intervening medium

13.  prominence is a large, bright, gaseous feature extending outward from the Sun's surface, often in a loop shape.

14. Elliptical galaxies range from circular (remember, a circle is an ellipse!) to long, narrow, and cigar-shaped.

15.  Know the colors of the stars and which one is the hottesst.