Monday, March 2, 2015

Sunday, March 1, 2015

8th Science - 3/2/15


3/4 - Copy and define vocabulary words in NB.

1.  biotic factor -  a living thing, as an animal or plant, that influences or affects an ecosystem.

2.  abiotic factor - are essentially non-living components that effect the living organisms of the freshwater community.

3.  ecosystem - a system which is formed when a community of organisms interacts with the environment.

4.  community - a social unit of any size that shares common values.

5.  density - a measure of mass per unit of volume. Density is a measure of mass per volume. The average density of an object equals its total mass divided by its total volume.

6.  producers -they produce their own food! They do this by using light energy from the Sun, carbon dioxide from the air and water from the soil to produce food - in the form of glucouse/sugar.

7.  herbivores - an animal that gets its energy from eating plants, and only plants.

8.  parasitism - relationship between two species of plants or animals in which one benefits at the expense of the other, sometimes without killing it.

9.  biosphere - layer around the earth which holds life. Our biosphere may be finite, but it varies considerably and its potential size is unknown.

10. limiting factor - any condition required by a species that becomes absent in a habitat.

7th Science - 3/2/15


3/4 - Copy vocabulary words in NB

1. photochemical smog - a unique type of air pollution which is caused by reactions between sunlight and pollutants like hydrocarbons and nitrogen dioxide.

2.  sulfurous smog - results from a high concentration of sulfur oxides in the air.

3.  acid rain - any form of precipitation with high levels of nitric and sulfuric acids. It can also occur in the form of snow, fog, and tiny bits of dry material

4.  pH scale -measures alkalinity or acidity: pH7 is neutral, below 7 is acid and above 7 is alkaline.

5.  acid -something that has a sour taste, or something that has a pH of less than 7 in chemistry.

6.  base - a substance that, in aqueous solution, is slippery to the touch, tastes bitter, changes the color of indicators

7.  Clean Air Act -  a United States federal law designed to control air pollution on a national level.

8.  scrubber - a diverse group of air pollution control devices that can be used to remove some particulates and/or gases from industrial exhaust streams

9.  Safe Drinking Water Act - the principal federal law in the United States intended to ensure safe drinking water for the public.

10.  Clean  Water Act - principal law governing pollution of surface waters in the United States.

6th Science - 3/2/15


3/4 - Copy vocabulary words in NB

1. chemical change - occur when chemical reactions between substances form new products.

2.  compound - a substance that results from a combination of two or more different chemical element.

3.  chemical bond - something that binds, fastens, confines, or holds together.

4. chemical formula - A shorthand way of representing the number and type of elements in a compound or the number of atoms in a molecular element.

5.  ion -an atom or group of atoms that carries a positive or negative electric charge as a result of having lost or gained one or more electrons.

6.  chemical property - any characteristic that gives a substance the ability to undergo a change that results in a new substance.

7. molecule - smallest particle in a chemical element or compound that has the chemical properties of that element or compound.

8.  exothermic - a chemical reaction that releases energy by light or heat. It is the opposite of an endothermic reaction.

9.  endothermic -characterized by or formed with absorption of heat.

10.  mass - A measure of the amount of matter in an object

6th Social Studies - 3/2/15


3/5 - Copy vocabulary words in NB

1. Savannas - consists of areas of open grassland with very few trees.

2.  Aksum -  powerful kingdom in northern Ethiopia during the early Christian era.

3.  gold trade - Exchange of salt for commodities such as gold and slaves, particularly in WestAfrica. Salt was probably one of the earliest goods traded over long

4.  ivory - the hard white substance, a variety of dentin, composing the main part of the tusks of the elephant

5.  Great Zimbabwe - ruins are the largest collection of ruins in Africa south of the Sahara. Located in the heart of southern Africa

6.  Lalibela - The small town of Lalibela in Ethiopia is home to one of the world's most astounding sacred sites: eleven rock-hewn churches, each carved entirely out of a single rock.

7.  Mansa Musa - (about 1280 – about 1337) was an emperor (mansa) of the Mali Empire during the 14th century. 

8. Songhai - largest of the former empires in the western Sudan region of N Africa.

9.  Kush - The Kingdom of Kush was an ancient state that existed (twice) in what is now the northern part of The Sudan.

10.  Swahili - language, also known as Kiswahili, is a Bantu language and the first language of the Swahili people. 

5th Science - 3/2/15


3/4 Copy vocabulary words in NB

1. vascular - vessels or ducts that convey fluids, as blood, lymph, or sap.

2. sexual reproduction of plants -process by which plants generate new individuals, or offspring.  

3.  fertilization -reproduction by pollination.

4.  spores  - a small organism or a single cell being that is able to grow into a new organism with the right conditions.

5.  fronds - A big compound leaf; a term applied to the leaves of palms and ferns.

6.  rhizoids - A slender rootlike filament that grows from an alga, a fungus, or the gametophyte of a moss, liverwort, or fern, used for attachment and nourishment.

7.  asexual reproduction of plants - the formation of new individuals from the cell(s) of a single parent. It is very common in plants.

8.  mosses -  small flowerless plants that usually grow in dense green clumps or mats, in damp or shady locations.

9.  rhizome -creeping rootstalk, horizontal underground plant stem capable of producing the shoot and root systems of a new plant.

10.  Tropism -  the turning, bending, movement, or growth of an organism or part of an organism elicited by an externalstimulus, either toward (positive t.) or away from (negative t.) the stimulus

5th Social Studies - 3/2/15


3/5 - Copy vocabulary words in NB

1.  Industrial Revolution -took place from the 18th to 19th centuries, was a period during which predominantly agrarian, rural societies in Europe and America became industrial and urban.

2.  Cotton gin - machine for cleaning cotton of its seeds, invented in the United States by Eli Whitney in 1793.

3.  interchangeable parts -parts that are designed to fit in any device of the same type, rather than being designed for one specific item, and they revolutionized the world of manufacturing. With their development, the groundwork for mass manufacturing and distribution was laid, and the Industrial Revolution was born.

4.  reaper - a farming tool or person that reaps (cuts and gathers) crops at harvest, when they are ripe.

5.  Samuel Slater - The English-born American manufacturer Samuel Slater (1768-1835) built the first successful cotton mill in the United States, in 1790.

6.  Eli Whitney - (December 8, 1765 – January 8, 1825) was an American inventor best known for inventing the cotton gin.

7.  Francis Cabot Lowell -The city of Lowell was named after Francis Cabot Lowell, son of John Lowell, a wealthy businessman who built a successful textile mill in Lowell, MA.

8.  Cyrus McCormick -whose invention of the mechanical reaper revolutionized farming across the world.

9. John Deere -crafted his famous steel plow in his blacksmith shop in 1837, he also forged the beginnings of Deere & Company—a company that today does business around the world and employs more than 50,000 people.

10.  Lowell, Massachusetts  - The City of Lowell was named after Francis Cabot Lowell

Sunday, February 22, 2015

Weekly Reminders - 2/23/15

2/27 - Science Weekly Quiz
3/2 - Social Studies Quiz

2/26 - History Fair Projects

2/27 - Stations of the Cross @ 11:30

8th Science - 2/23/15

5/25 - YES! Copy vocabulary words with definition in NB again as you will be assess daily on these words and on your weekly quiz.

1.  stomata -  a stoma (also stomate ; plural stomata) is a tiny opening or pore that is used for gas exchange. They are mostly found on the under-surface of plant leaves.

2.  transpiration -is the process by which moisture is carried through plants from roots to small pores on the underside of leaves.

3.  photosynthesis - is the biological conversion of light energy into chemical energy. This occurs in green plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria.

4.  respiration - the transport of oxygen from the outside air to the cells within tissues, and the transport of carbon dioxide

5.  tropism - response or orientation of a plant or certain lower animals to a stimulus that acts with greater intensity from one direction than another

6.  auxin - plant hormone that regulates the amount, type, and direction of plant growth.

7.  photoperiodism - is a biological response to a change in the proportions of light and dark in a 24hour daily cycle. Plants use it to measure the seasons

8.  long-day plant - A plant in which flowering is favored by long days (i.e. days when there are more than 14 hours of daylight) and correspondingly short dark periods.

9.  short-day plant -A plant that flowers only after being exposed to light periods shorter than a certain critical length, as in early spring or fall.

10.  day-neutral plant - A plant that flowers regardless of the length of the period of light it is exposed to. Rice, corn, and the cucumber are day-neutral plants.

7th Science - 2/23/15

2/25 - YES! Copy vocabulary words with definition in NB again as you will be assess daily on these words and on your weekly quiz.

1. carrying capacity - of a biological species in an environment is the maximum population size of the species that the environment can sustain indefinitely, given the food, habitatwater and other necessities available in the environment.

2.  population - a :  the whole number of people or inhabitants in a country or region   b :  the total of individuals occupying an area or making up a whole.

3.  population explosion - Humans have already exceeded the carrying capacity of Earth. The population explosion has thrown off our planets natural ecosystems.

4.  landfill - 1. a low area of land that is built up from deposits of solid refuse in layers covered by soil. 2. the solid refuse itself.

5.  hazardous waste - waste that is dangerous or potentially harmful to our health or the environment. Hazardous wastes can be liquids, solids, gases, or sludges.

6.  conservation - a careful preservation and protection of something

7.  composting - is the transformation of organic material (plant matter) through decomposition into a soil-like matter.

8.  recyclable - Capable of being recycled: recyclable plastic. n. An item or material that can be recycled

9.  sanitary landfill - is a waste disposal facility where layers of compacted garbage are covered with layers of earth.

10.  oxygen - is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gaseous chemical element which appears in great abundance on Earth, trapped by the atmosphere

11.  phytoremediation - is the direct use of green plants and their associated microorganisms to stabilize or reduce contamination in soils, sludges, sediments, surface

6th Science - 2/23/15


2/25 - YES! Copy vocabulary words with definition in NB again as you will be assess daily on these words and on your weekly quiz.

1. force - is any interaction which tends to change the motion of an object. In other words, a force can cause an object with mass to change its velocity

2.  friction - force that resists the sliding or rolling of one solid object over another. Frictional forces, such as the traction needed to walk without slipping.

3.  drag force -  is the resistance force caused by the motion of a body through a fluid, such as water or air. A drag force acts opposite to the direction of the oncoming object.

4.  gravity - is the force that causes two particles to pull towards each other. Learn about gravity and find out how Newton and Einstein explain gravity.

5.  net force -  is the amount of force that is making the object change direction or motion.

6.  balanced force -  is when two equal forces are applied on an object pushing both ways. Also they are equal forces acting on an object in opposite directions.

7.   unbalanced force - when two forces acting on an object are not equal in size. Unbalanced forces causes can cause.

8.  inertia - a property of matter by which it remains at rest or in uniform motion in the same straight line unless acted upon by some external forces.

9.  velocity - the rate of change of position along a straight line with respect to time :  the derivative of position with respect to time

6th Social Studies - 2/23/15


2/26 -COPY AGAIN - vocabulary words in NB

1. Eastern Orthodox Christianity - In the Christian religion, Orthodox Christianity, also known as Eastern Orthodoxy, began as the eastern half of Christendom, the site of the former Byzantine Empire.

2. architecture - the art or science of building; specifically : the art or practice of designing and building structures

3. Roman Catholicism - is a worldwide religious tradition of some 1.1 billion members. It traces its history to Jesus of Nazareth

4. Diocletian - (245–311) was a Roman emperor from 284 to 305. Born to a family of low status in the Roman province of Dalmatia
5. Constantine -Gaius Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus (February 27, 272 C.E. – May 22, 337 C.E.) commonly known as Constantine I, Constantine the Great, or (among Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Christians) Saint Constantine, was a Roman emperor, proclaimed Augustus by his troops on July 25, 306 C.E., and who ruled an ever-growing portion of the Roman Empire  until his death.

6. Palestine - is a geographic region in Western Asia between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River. It is sometimes considered to include adjoining territories

7. Constantinople - was the capital city of the Roman and Byzantine (330–1204 and 1261–1453), the Latin (1204–1261), and the Ottoman (1453–1922) empires. It was re-inaugurated in 324 AD at ancient Byzantium as the new capital of the oman Empire by Emperor Constantine the Great, after whom it was named.

8. Byzantine empire - known as the Eastern Roman Empire, was the predominantly Greek -speaking eastern half and remainder of the Roman Empire

5th Science - 2/23/15


2/24 - YES! Copy vocabulary words with definition in NB again as you will be assess daily on these words and on your weekly quiz.

2/25 - Bring in a raw chicken egg and a clear plastic contain to break the egg in.

1.  organism - An organism is a living thing.

2.  cell - Cells are the basic building blocks of all living things. The human body is composed of trillions of cells.

3.  chlorophyll - Chlorophyll is a chemical found in the chloroplasts of plants that allows the plant to absorb light. Energy from the light is used in photosynthesis to make glucose.

4.  tissue - is similarly specialized cells which together perform certain special functions.

5.  organ -  a group of tissues in a living organism that have been adapted to perform a specific function.

6.  organ system - An organ system is a group of organs that work together for one purpose.

7.  cell wall - is a tough, rigid layer that surrounds some types of cells. Cell wall is a characteristic feature to cells of plants, bacteria, fungi, algae and some archaea.

8. nucleus - is a cell structure that contains hereditary information, or DNA, and controls cellular growth and reproduction.

9. bacterium - bacteria, singular bacterium, any of a group of microscopic single-celled organisms that live in enormous numbers in almost every environment on Earth

10. chloroplast -  structure within a green plant cell in which photosynthesis occurs.

5th Social Studies - 2/23/15


2/26 - YES! Copy vocabulary words with definition in NB again as you will be assess daily on these words and on your weekly quiz.

1.  Era of Good Feelings - The era of good feelings was during Monroe's presidency. There were no major conflicts between political parties, because the Federalist party had disbanded.
2.   Indian Removal Act - In 1830, President Andrew Jackson instituted the Indian Removal Act, which required the Native Americans to be moved west of the Mississippi River.  
3.   Louisiana Purchase - The Louisiana Purchase (1803) was a land deal between the United States and France, in which the U.S. acquired approximately 827,000 square miles of land west of the Mississippi River for $15 million dollars.

4. national anthem - The Star Spangled Banner In 1814, Francis Scott Key wrote the poem, Defense of Fort McHenry. The poem was later put to the tune of (John Stafford Smith's song)    
5.   neutral (adjective) - not taking part or giving assistance in a dispute or war between others

6.  pioneer  :  a person or group that originates or helps open up a new line of thought or activity or a new method or technical development
b :  one of the first to settle in a territory

7.  political map - A political map is a map that shows lines defining countries, states, and/or territories. It is unlike other maps in that its purpose is specifically to show borders.

8.  Battle of New Orleans - The Battle of New Orleans was a series of engagements fought between December 24, 1814 through January 8, 1815 and was the final major battle of the War of 1812.

9. War Hawks - Members of Congress from the South and West who desperately wanted war with Great Britain and with Native Americans, in order to protect the interests of America.

10. War of 1812 - The War of 1812 is one of the forgotten wars of the United States. The war lasted for over two years, and ended in stalemate. It did however, once and for all confirm American Independence.

Monday, February 16, 2015

Weekly Reminders - 2/16/15

2/16 - Presidents' Day - School Closed

2/17 -  Social Studies Quiz and Hippie Day

2/18 - Honors Assembly and Ash Wednesday Mass